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Night and Fog - A Film in History

Sylvie Lindeperg; Tom Mes (Translator)

A microhistory of arguably the most important documentary ever made (published by University of Minnesota Press, in December 2014).

A 2012 French Voices Award winner. 

An engrossing account of Alain Resnais’s incomparable film, this book documents how a film that began as a cinematic spin-off of an educational exhibition became a significant step in the building of a collective consciousness of the tragedy of World War II. The book offers a unique interpretation of the interworking of biography, history, politics, and film in one cultural moment.

François Truffaut called Night and Fog “the greatest film ever made.” But when Alain Resnais finished his documentary, with its depiction of Nazi atrocities, the resistance of the French censors was fierce. A mere decade had passed since the end of the war, and the French public was unprepared to confront the horrors shown in the film—let alone the possibility of French complicity. In fact it would be through Night and Fog that many viewers first learned, as film critic Serge Daney put it, “that the worst had only just taken place.”

Sylvie Lindeperg frames her investigation with the story of historian Olga Wormser-Migot, who played an integral role in the research and writing of Night and Fog—and whose slight error on one point gave purchase to the film’s detractors and revisionists and Holocaust deniers. Lindeperg follows the travails of Resnais, Wormser-Migot, and their collaborators in a pan-European search for footage, photographs, and other documentation. She uncovers creative use of liberation footage to stand in for daily life of the camps featured to such shocking effect in the film—a finding that raises hotly debated questions about reenactment and witnessing even as it enhances our understanding of the film’s provenance and impact.

The Author

Sylvie Lindeperg is professor of History at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. She is the author of many books in French, including Les Ecrans de l'ombre: La Seconde Guerre mondiale dans le cinéma français (1944–1969).


"I do not hesitate to call Sylvie Lindeperg’s marvelously detailed study “Night and Fog”: A Film in History a major work of contemporary film historical scholarship. . . . [It] affords genuinely original historical and aesthetic insights . . . in finely wrought prose."

Stuart Liebman, Cineaste


More information here.